Computational Neuroscience: Neural Dynamics
This course provides an introduction into a neural process accounts for perception, motor control, and simple forms of cognition. The vantage point is the dynamical systems approach, which emphasizes the evolution in time of behavior and of neural activation patterns as the basis for understanding how neural networks together with sensory and motor systems generate behavior and cognition. Dynamic stability, a concept shared with the classical biological cybernetics framework, is one cornerstone of the approach. Instabilities (or bifurcations) extend this framework and provide a basis for understanding flexibility, task specific adjustment, adaptation, and learning.
The course will include tutorial modules that provide some of the mathematical foundations. Theoretical concepts will be exposed in reference to a number of experimental model systems such as the perception of motion, visual and spatial working memory, movement planning, and others. In the spirit of Braitenberg´s "synthetic psychology", autonomous robots will be used to illustrate some of the ideas.
Exercises are integrated into the lectures. They consist of elementary mathematical exercises, the design of (thought) experiments and their analysis, and analysis of theoretical models and their relationship to experiment, all on the basis of the theoretical framework exposed in the main lectures. Learning to produce scientific texts with appropriate illustrations and documenting mathematical ideas is one of the learning goals of the course.
Some of the exercises refer to readings, scientific papers that students will study to do the exercises. Learning to read and understand research papers is another learning goal of the course.
Lecturers
Prof. Dr. Gregor SchönerLecturer 
(+49) 2343227965 gregor.schoener@ini.rub.de NB 3/31 
Dr.Ing. Mathis RichterTeaching Assistant 
(+49) 2343227976 mathis.richter@ini.rub.de NB 02/75 
Details
 Course type
 Lectures
 Credits
 6 CP
 Term
 Winter Term 2018/2019
Dates
 Lecture

Takes place
every week on Thursday from 14:15 to 16:00 in room NB 3/57.
First appointment is on 11.10.2018
Last appointment is on 31.01.2019  Exercise

Takes place
every week on Thursday from 16:15 to 17:00 in room NB 3/57.
First appointment is on 18.10.2018
Last appointment is on 31.01.2019
Requirements
This course requires some basic math preparation, typically as covered in two semesters of higher mathematics (functions, differentiation, integration, differential equations, linear algebra). The course does not make extensive use of the underlying mathematical techniques, but uses the mathematical concepts to express scientific ideas. Students without prior training in the relevant mathematics may be able to follow the course, but will have to work harder to familiarize themselves with the concepts.
Exercises
Exercises are corrected and held by Dr. Mathis Richter. Details on grading are available in the course rules below.
Literature
The course will be based on selected chapters of a textbook (Dynamic Thinking: A Primer on Dynamic Field Theory by Schöner, G., Spencer, J, and the DFT Research Group, Oxford University Press). The first two chapters are available for download in the course materials below. These and others will also serve as readings for some of the exercises.
For the mathematical background in dynamical systems an excellent resource is a book that is available online as a free download (thanks to the author's generosity): Edward R. Scheinerman's Invitation to Dynamical Systems. This book covers both discrete and continuous time dynamical systems, while in the course we will only make use of continuous time dynamical systems formalized as differential equations.
Documents
The Institut für Neuroinformatik (INI) is a central research unit of the RuhrUniversität Bochum. We aim to understand the fundamental principles through which organisms generate behavior and cognition while linked to their environments through sensory systems and while acting in those environments through effector systems. Inspired by our insights into such natural cognitive systems, we seek new solutions to problems of information processing in artificial cognitive systems. We draw from a variety of disciplines that include experimental approaches from psychology and neurophysiology as well as theoretical approaches from physics, mathematics, electrical engineering and applied computer science, in particular machine learning, artificial intelligence, and computer vision.
Universitätsstr. 150, Building NB, Room 3/32
D44801 Bochum, Germany
Tel: (+49) 234 3228967
Fax: (+49) 234 3214210