IEEE Transactions on Computers, 42(3):300-311 (1993) (bibtex)

Distortion invariant object recognition in the dynamic link architecture.

Martin Lades, Jan C. Vorbrüggen, Joachim Buhmann, Jörg Lange, Christoph von der Malsburg, Rolf P. Würtz, and Wolfgang Konen

Abstract: We present an object recognition system based on the Dynamic Link Architecture, which is an extension to classical Artificial Neural Networks. The Dynamic Link Architecture exploits correlations in the fine-scale temporal structure of cellular signals in order to group neurons dynamically into higher-order entities. These entities represent a very rich structure and can code for high level objects. In order to demonstrate the capabilities of the Dynamic Link Architecture we implemented a program that can recognize human faces and other objects from video images. Memorized objects are represented by sparse graphs, whose vertices are labeled by a multi-resolution description in terms of a local power spectrum, and whose edges are labeled by geometrical distance vectors. Object recognition can be formulated as elastic graph matching, which is performed here by stochastic optimization of a matching cost function. Our implementation on a transputer network successfully achieves recognition of human faces and office objects from grey level camera images. The performance of the program is evaluated by a statistical analysis of recognition results from a portrait gallery comprising images of 87 persons.

Keywords: computer vision, distortion invariance, dynamic link architecture, elastic graph matching, object recognition, neural network, wavelet

May 7, 1996, Laurenz Wiskott,